Praxis Prints is a leading publisher of edition works, prints and multiples. Our mission is the promotion and exhibition artwork from a select group of Latin American artists, made up of various emerging and well known authors who have left their personal imprint in the regional culture since the 1960s.
The prints on this website and in the gallery in New York have been printed at the Praxis publishing workshop in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Since its beginning, Praxis has helped with the publishing of pieces from over 400 artists.”
THE PRAXIS COLLECTION
The Praxis Prints has an exclusive collection of original silk prints, including the highlighted pieces of a large collective of Latin American artists.
Our publisher currently holds over one thousand signed and numbered limited edition pieces by hundreds of well known and emerging artists. An international chain of art galleries, with branches in Argentina and the United States, has enabled us to discover the most interesting artists, bringing a wide variety of interesting pieces to both collectors and enthusiasts.
Silk screening, like etching, is an original form of art known as ‘multiple art’. It is conceived by the artist, supervised by the workshop coach and approved by the editor. Each piece is signed and numbered by its author, which gives it a special and unique value. It is important to distinguish between an original piece and a mere photographic reproduction. By nature, a copy can be reprinted an infinite number of times and it lacks the unique value of an original one. The impact of a reproduced piece cannot be compared with the impact of the original, which is personally conceived and cared for by the artist in real life.
In this way, for each print, the artist is committed to his piece, be it with his own hands or through his in situ supervision of the printing expert. This technique was developed in China two thousand years ago, reappearing later in Europe during the Belle Epoque period. The majority of well-known painters in the latest decades have used silk screening, such as Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso, Joan Miro, Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein, among others.
A silk screening is an original piece of art completed by a first level artist. Just like etching (lithography, engraving, etc), it is a type of multiple art conceived by the artist himself, supervised by the technical specialist of a silk screening workshop and approved by an editor.
Silk screening is a technique developed in China during the first millennium of human history. In an attempt to create multiple prints, the people of China wove screens out of human hair. They also decorated pieces of cloth and the inside of their temples through the use of paper sheets, trimmed metal and fretwork, a system known as ‘the stencil method.’ This system was found to have defects because it left open spaces as it didn’t print in the junctions. Over the years this method was overcome with the introduction of screens made of silk (sericum), from which the name of the current technique is derived. This last innovation made room for the development of new advancements, such as better paints and the use of lacquer and ulhan.
At the beginning of the 20th century, during the Belle Epoque, as the powerful European nations reached their peak of influence, silk screening reached a new high. It was not until last century, however, that the process was patented in the United States. From that moment up to the present, more than one hundred silk screening processes have been created, all using a frame and a tightened silk screen (shablon) through which the paint passes, pushed by a spatula-like utensil (racla).
Once the silk is tightened to the shablon (frame), the areas through which the paint is not to pass are blocked with lacquer, as if it were a photographic negative. For this reason, one shablon is used for each color of the original piece. Next, the ink of the first screening is poured onto the silk screen and, when it is dragged with pressure using the racla (spatula) the ink passes onto the paper (B.F.K. RIVES, 100% cotton, 180 gr. and 210 gr., of french origin) that has been placed below, coloring the areas that were not blocked with lacquer. This process is repeated with each shablon, according to the total number of colors. It is fundamentally important to be careful with the areas being stamped and to be precise in the preparation of the color being used. Through this process, in a hand-crafted manner, all of the screenings determined by the artist and the editor are completed to form the final piece. .
Each silk screen print is a unique and exclusive original piece, signed and numbered by the artist, and is identified by a double numbering system: the top number indicates the print number and the bottom number indicates the number of original prints. This signature is known as a quotient.
There are some pieces without a quotient, but are classified as AS (artist sample) and are, as their name implies, test prints made during the creative process, before the final edition. These prints tend to be highly valued and sought after by specialized collectors.
What makes it original is the fact that it cannot be translated to any other technique and that the author has directly and actively participated in its creation. This differs from a reproduction, which is a mere copy created through mechanical techniques (offset) and not by hand, forming part of an unlimited collection, not requiring nor the participation nor the signature of the original author. Reproductions can even be made after the original artist’s death.
Famous painters throughout the history of art have used silk screening to achieve effects that are impossible to produce with other methods. Goya was the first artist to create original lithographs, while Rembrandt was able to create some of the world’s most famous etchings. After the Second World War, European artists began to think and create their pieces making use of the silk screening process, without even imagining to what length this form of expression would influence western art. In the 1960s, American POP and OP Art painters took these experiences and placed silk screening as the boom of 20th century art. Currently, silk screening is the most popular way for contemporary painters to bring their pieces to a higher number of people. This artistic revolution brought with it a diffusion of authentic artwork, from the level of artists such as Picasso, Dali, Miro, Vasarely, Hockney, Warhol and Lichtenstein, among others.