Roberto Burle Marx

Lua Cinzeta


Burle Marx concebía el arte como un sistema de formas, colores y ritmos -lo mismo pensaba de los jardines, a los que denominaba “obras vivas”-. Su espíritu meticuloso e investigador le permitió pasear por todas las vertientes artísticas sin casarse con ninguna. Su talento era tal que conseguía crear con las más diversas técnicas y herramientas. Aunque el artista plástico acabó siendo opacado por el paisajista -al menos ante los ojos del mundo- Burle Marx realizó innumerables exposiciones individuales y colectivas, tanto en Brasil como en el exterior.


Marx, Burle (1909 - 1994) Biography Roberto Burle Marx (São Paulo, 1909 - Rio de Janeiro, 1994). Landscaper, architect, draughtsman, painter, engraver, sculptor, weaver, potter. Spent his childhood in Rio de Janeiro. He moved to Germany with his family in 1928, studying singing in Berlin, and entering into the cultural life of the city, where he attended theatres, operas, museums and art galleries. He also came into contact with the works of Vincent van Gogh (1853 - 1890), Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973) and Paul Klee (1879 - 1940). During 1929, he attended the painting workshop of Degner Klemm. He was excited to find examples of Brazilian flora In the botanic gardens and museums of Dahlem, in Berlin. On returning to Brazil, he took courses in painting and architecture at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes - Enba [National School of Fine Arts] in Rio de Janeiro, between 1930 and 1934, where he was a pupil of Leo Putz (1869 - 1940), Augusto Bracet (1881 - 1960) and Celso Antônio (1896 - 1984). In 1932, he carried out his first garden project for the residence of the Schwartz family in Rio de Janeiro at the invitation of the architect, Lucio Costa (1902 - 1998), who executed the architectural design in collaboration with Gregori Warchavchic (1896-1972). From 1934 to 1937, he occupied the position of Director of Parks and Gardens in Recife, Pernambuco, where he lived. During this period, he made frequent visits to Rio de Janeiro, taking classes with Candido Portinari (1903 - 1962) and the writer, Mário de Andrade (1893 - 1945), at the Art Institute of the Federal District University. He returned to Rio de Janeiro in 1937, working as assistant to Candido Portinari. The end of the 1930s witnessed the integration of his landscape work into modern architecture, with the artist experimenting with sinuous and organic forms in his projects. While his passion for plants dated back to his youth, when he became interested in botany and gardening, it was in 1949 that Burle Marx organised a large collection, when he acquired a 800,000 m² plot in Campo Grande, Rio de Janeiro. Together with botanists, he made many visits to various regions of the country in order to collect and catalogue examples of plants, reproducing the diversity of Brazilian flora in his work.